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Abbreviations
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aCML atypical chronic myeloid leukaemia

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ALIP abnormal localization of immature precursors

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ALL acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

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AML acute myeloid leukaemia

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ATRA all-trans-retinoic acid

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BM bone marrow

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c cytoplasmic

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CAE chloroacetate esterase

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CD cluster of differentiation

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CEL chronic eosinophilic leukaemia

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CML chronic myeloid leukaemia

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CMML chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia

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CNS central nervous system

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DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation

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FAB French–American–British

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FISH fluorescence in situ hybridization

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FSC forward light scatter

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G-CSF granulocyte colony-stimulating factor

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H&E haematoxylin and eosin

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Hb haemoglobin concentration

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Hct haematocrit

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HIV human immunodeficiency virus

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ICUS idiopathic cytopenia of undetermined significance

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IPSS international prognostic scoring system

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ITD internal tandem duplication

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JMD juxtamembrane domain

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JMML juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia

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LDC lymphoid dendritic cell

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MDS myelodysplastic syndrome/syndromes

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MGG May–Grünwald–Giemsa

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MPD myeloproliferative disorder/disorders

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MPN myeloproliferative neoplasm/neoplasms

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MPO myeloperoxidase

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NK natural killer

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NSE non-specific esterase

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PAS periodic acid-Schiff

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PCR polymerase chain reaction

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Ph Philadelphia

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PTD partial tandem duplication

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RAEB refractory anaemia with excess blasts

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RARS-T refractory anaemia with ring sideroblasts and thrombocytosis

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RBC red cell count

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RCMD refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia

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RCMD-RS refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia and ringed sideroblasts

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RCUD refractory cytopenia with unilineage dysplasia

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RT-PCR reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction

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RQ-PCR real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction

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SBB Sudan black B

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SSC sideways light scatter

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TdT terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase

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TKD tyrosine kinase domain

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WBC white cell count

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WHO World Health Organization

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wt wild type

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