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aCML atypical chronic myeloid leukaemia

ALIP abnormal localization of immature precursors

ALL acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

AML acute myeloid leukaemia

ATRA all-trans-retinoic acid

BM bone marrow

c cytoplasmic

CAE chloroacetate esterase

CD cluster of differentiation

CEL chronic eosinophilic leukaemia

CML chronic myeloid leukaemia

CMML chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia

CNS central nervous system

DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation

FAB French–American–British

FISH fluorescence in situ hybridization

FSC forward light scatter

G-CSF granulocyte colony-stimulating factor

H&E haematoxylin and eosin

Hb haemoglobin concentration

Hct haematocrit

HIV human immunodeficiency virus

ICUS idiopathic cytopenia of undetermined significance

IPSS international prognostic scoring system

ITD internal tandem duplication

JMD juxtamembrane domain

JMML juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia

LDC lymphoid dendritic cell

MDS myelodysplastic syndrome/syndromes

MGG May–Grünwald–Giemsa

MPD myeloproliferative disorder/disorders

MPN myeloproliferative neoplasm/neoplasms

MPO myeloperoxidase

NK natural killer

NSE non-specific esterase

PAS periodic acid-Schiff

PCR polymerase chain reaction

Ph Philadelphia

PTD partial tandem duplication

RAEB refractory anaemia with excess blasts

RARS-T refractory anaemia with ring sideroblasts and thrombocytosis

RBC red cell count

RCMD refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia

RCMD-RS refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia and ringed sideroblasts

RCUD refractory cytopenia with unilineage dysplasia

RT-PCR reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction

RQ-PCR real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction

SBB Sudan black B

SSC sideways light scatter

TdT terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase

TKD tyrosine kinase domain

WBC white cell count

WHO World Health Organization

wt wild type

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